Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich


Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich
(1906–1982)
   Brezhnev was a crucial figure in the leadership of the Soviet Union from 1964 when he became first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, until his death in 1982, and was the central figure in the Soviet leadership from the 1970s on. The main themes associated with his leadership were “developed socialism,” “scientific and technological revolution,” “peaceful coexistence” and the “Brezhnev Doctrine.” The first of these, “developed socialism,” was a theoretical innovation used to describe the then current status of the Soviet Union. Socialism had been achieved and gradual change was transforming this “developed socialism” into communism. The “scientific and technological revolution” was the primary driving force that would bring about communism, and, as a worldwide phenomenon, would heighten the inherent contradictions of capitalism leading to its collapse. “Peaceful coexistence” describes the détente between the Soviet Union and the capitalist world (primarily the United States), although it did not preclude continued ideological competition, the arms race, and widespread economic and military intervention including “proxy wars” in the Third World. The “Brezhnev Doctrine” outlined in 1971 describes the Soviet Union’s position on change in the socialist world. It made clear that any attempt to depart from the Soviet Union’s view of socialism in Eastern Bloc countries would not be tolerated, and, if necessary, would be dealt with by military intervention as in Czechoslovakia in 1968 (see PRAGUE SPRING).

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Brezhnev,Leonid Ilyich — Brezh·nev (brĕzhʹnĕf, nyĭf), Leonid Ilyich. 1906 1982. Soviet leader. He served as the chairman of the Presidium (now the Politburo) and secretary of the Communist Party before becoming president of the USSR in 1977. In 1968 he enunciated the… …   Universalium

  • Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich — (1906–1982)    Politician. Born the son of a steelworker in Dniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine, Leonid Brezhnev enjoyed the upward mobility provided to working class youth in the early Soviet period. He began a career in metallurgy, and after nearly a… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich — (1911–1982)    As Nikita Khrushchev’s deputy and later as general secretary of the Communist Party from 1964 until his death in 1982, Brezhnev artfully used the KGB to secure his position. In the end, however, the KGB brought him down and… …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • Brezhnev, Leonid (Ilyich) —  (1906–1982) Leader of the Soviet Union (1977–1982) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev — noun Soviet statesman who became president of the Soviet Union (1906 1982) • Syn: ↑Brezhnev, ↑Leonid Brezhnev • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev — n. Leonid Brezhnev(1906 1982) Soviet leader and statesman, president of the Soviet Union (1960 1964, 1977 1982), first secretary of the Communist Party …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Leonid Brezhnev — Infobox Officeholder name = Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev Леонид Ильич Брежнев caption = nationality = Russian/Ukrainian order = General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union term start = October 14, 1964 term end = November 10, 1982… …   Wikipedia

  • Brezhnev — noun Soviet statesman who became president of the Soviet Union (1906 1982) • Syn: ↑Leonid Brezhnev, ↑Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leonid Brezhnev — noun Soviet statesman who became president of the Soviet Union (1906 1982) • Syn: ↑Brezhnev, ↑Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

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